36AR535 & 36AR536 Road Expansion

Type Title: 
Cultural Resource Study
Armstrong Co, PA
December 2012
Present Status: 
Major Project Elements: 
Phase II Early Woodland Village Site

In 2012, a Jackson Group team member conducted work on a Road Expansion project for the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation in Armstrong County, PA. The project was previously investigated by another company and the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission (PHMC) requested further testing to determine the potential for prehistoric settlement. Previous findings uncovered enough evidence at two sites sitting on two adjacent knolls separated by a first order stream. Testing occurred in late fall and it was determined that due to the significance of the material discovered during survey that sites are eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places.

Excavations reveled on one site, a large intact hearth. Within the hearth several fragments of lithic materials were recovered as well as ceramic fragments, all indicating early woodland period in date. In one test unit a ceramic vessel was found in situ well into the B horizon. In addition to the Early Woodland site, a house foundation was investigated. Materials recovered included utilitarian objects, along with a coin dating to the late 1840’s.